Recent Articles

The mineral policies in Tanzania once called "new" are new no longer, and many of their objectives remain unattained. A decade ago, Tanzania embarked on mining sector reform, formulating a policy in 1997 and passing corresponding legislation 1998. The reform's main objective was to create an enabling environment for private investors in an industry that was previously state-controlled. Unfortunately, the goal of increasing the sector's contribution to national growth and poverty reduction has proven to be far-fetched. New reforms are underway, but the question remains, what really went wrong?
Washington, D.C.—As Senate investigators announced details of oil profiteering schemes among foreign officials, leading U.S. and international experts renewed their call for passage of legislation drafted to protect U.S. energy security and block acts of corruption that circumvent existing anti-corruption rules.
As Tanzania works toward validation as an EITI country, local members of civil society, the media and a parliamentary representative gathered in Dar es Salaam for a series of Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) training and strategy sessions organized by the Revenue Watch Institute, in collaboration with the Policy Forum of Tanzania and with logistical support from Norwegian Church Aid—Tanzania office. The first event was an informal training and coordination session held on January 20 for the civil society members of the Tanzania EITI Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG)
RWI partner Oxfam America has created a two-minute animated short, "Follow the money," to help support the Energy Security Through Transparency Act. "Follow the money" demonstrates the consequences of buying gas every day: where the money goes, and why citizens in oil-producing nations often don't see the profits when U.S. gas prices soar.
The Revenue Watch Institute congratulated Norwegian officials and transparency campaigners today as the nation's Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) issued its first report, publishing all payments of taxes and fees made by oil companies to the government in 2008.
On BBC's "The World Tonight" program, RWI Africa Regional Coordinator Emmanuel Kuyole and Radhika Sarin of Publish What You Pay International discuss the challenges of responsible natural resource management and how citizens and leaders from Ghana to Ecuador are working to make the most of their resource wealth.
The Revenue Watch Institute today congratulated the Government of Iraq as it formally announced that it would join the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), taking a historic step toward the efficient and open management of its oil industry.
Today’s brutal shooting attack on the Togolese football team traveling to the Africa Cup of Nations in the oil-rich Angolan province of Cabinda serves as a harsh reminder of the instability that often reigns in enclaves where tremendous oil wealth coexists with chronic underdevelopment.  A purported representative of Cabinda's militant separatist group the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) has claimed initial responsibility for the attack, declaring it "only the start of a series of targeted actions that will continue in all the territory of Cabinda," although few facts about the assailants are yet known.
On November 11, the Revenue Watch Institute hosted journalist Peter Maass, author of the new book Crude World: The Violent Twilight of Oil, for an afternoon conversation with RWI Director Karin Lissakers. Crude World is a reporter's foray into many of the countries that have come to represent the so-called "resource curse," such as Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan—countries where the discovery of mineral and hydrocarbon reserves has resulted not in greater prosperity, but rather in increased corruption, poverty and environmental degradation.
On September 30, Ukraine's cabinet announced that the country will implement the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) in cooperation with civil society and extractive companies. EITI Chairman Peter Eigen welcomed the news, saying, "Secure energy supplies depend on good governance and transparency. Through its commitment to the EITI, the Ukraine is demonstrating its willingness to play by the highest standards."

STOCKHOLM—Public disclosure and public engagement can transform development strategy into social change, a group of international communications and governance experts told leaders gathered today at the annual European Development Days conference.

On November 11, at 12:30 pm, the Revenue Watch Institute hosted a lunchtime discussion at the Open Society Institute with author Peter Maass about his new book, Crude World: The Violent Twilight of Oil (Knopf, 2009). In Crude World, Maass examines "oil's indelible impact on the countries that produce it and the people who possess it," bringing stories of the so-called "resource curse" that transparency advocates have long discussed to a broader public. In
Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico between 1994 and 2000, has been named as the Chair of the board overseeing the Natural Resource Charter. The Natural Resource Charter is a set of twelve principles for governments and societies on how to effectively harness the opportunities created by natural resources. The other members of the Oversight Board are Yegor Gaidar, former Acting Russian Prime Minister and Charles Soludo. Charles Soludo was the Central Bank Governor of Nigeria until May 2009. The Board responsibilities will include championing the Natural Resource Charter internationally and overseeing the consultation process.
Revenue Watch joins the Publish What You Pay coalition in its support for civil society members in Niger as they resume their participation in the country's EITI process. The decision by the representatives to Niger's EITI multistakeholder group comes following the provisional release of activist Marou Amadou, who had been held in state custody since August 10.
Away from the political controversies over international policy and mismanagement of extractive revenues, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) plays a quiet but pivotal role in steering the transparency of the energy industry. This is the body that determines what a company has to disclose in its annual financial statements.
The Revenue Watch Institute urges the Senate to take swift action on the bipartisan "Energy Security through Transparency Act of 2009," introduced today by Senators Richard Lugar (R-Ind.) and Ben Cardin (D-Md.). The bill, which will revise U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission guidelines, is a small change that will spark great rewards in financial and political stability for the energy sector worldwide and here in the United States.
NEW YORK—The Revenue Watch Institute praised U.S. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar today for the department's welcome decision to end a program allowing energy companies to pay government royalties in oil and gas instead of in cash. Mired in scandal over mismanagement and fraternization between regulators and industry employees, the Royalty-In-Kind (RIK) program has suffered from weak oversight and a dangerous lack of transparency.
On September 15, an appeals court in Niger ordered the provisional release of detained transparency activist and PWYP member Marou Amadou. Amadou has been held since August 11 for "undermining state authority" amid a wave of broader restrictions on the free speech of Nigerien civil society, transparency activists and members of the press.
In the heightened political climate surrounding Iraq's upcoming election, lawmakers and others in Iraq are criticizing the country's pending natural gas deal with Shell Oil, saying that it offers lopsided benefits to the international oil giant and that it was drafted without adequate transparency or oversight.
News from Iraq indicates that on July 28 the Cabinet agreed upon a bill establishing a new National Oil Company (NOC), to help develop the country's petroleum and ramp up production to meet the government's pressing revenue needs. The details of the bill have not been released, but a strong commercial company with a clear mandate could be instrumental in the revitalization of Iraq's oil sector. However, this enabling legislation cannot be a stand-alone action. A national company will be doomed to fail if it arrives unaccompanied by core laws to govern Iraq's oil sector.
This June, Revenue Watch Institute worked with the Timor Leste Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative Secretariat and the East Timor NGO Forum (FONGTIL) to implement a series of training on EITI for civil society, the MSG and parliamentarians.  Facilitated by Revenue Watch Asia-Pacific Regional Coordinator Chandra Kirana, Radhika Sarin, Coordinator of Publish What You Pay (PWYP) International, and other civil society representatives, the workshops drew 56 participants to learn about the EITI and analyze the experience of other countries, such as Kazakhstan and Liberia, that have already undergone the process. 
The international Publish What You Pay coalition reports that yet another Nigerien transparency activist, Wada Maman, was arrested by authorities on August 22. Maman, the Secretary General of Transparency International's Niger chapter and a PWYP member, was released on bail on August 26, and is charged with "public property damage" and "participation in an unauthorized gathering," after demonstrating against changes in presidential term limits.
Publish What You Pay International cheers the release of human rights and transparency campaigner Golden Misabiko by authorities in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Misabiko, who is in poor health, was arrested on July 24 and charged with "undermining State security," "making defamatory statements" and "inciting public rebellion against state authorities."
On August 16 the civil society leadership within Niger's Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative announced their collective withdrawal from the process until the Nigerien government provides both a greater guarantee of safety and non-harassment of activists for good governance, and the unconditional release of detained transparency activist Marou Amadou. The detention of Amadou comes amidst broader restrictions on the free speech of Nigerien civil society, transparency activists and members of the press.
NEW YORK—The Revenue Watch Institute, together with the international Publish What You Pay coalition, calls on authorities in Niger to immediately release Marou Amadou, a leader in the struggle for extractive industries transparency and a member of Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Niger. On August 12, Amadou was discharged by a Nigerien court after appearing on charges of "regionalist propaganda" and "inciting disobedience." Immediately upon his release, he was seized by national security forces and placed in police custody.